There are two types of co-productions:
- Co-production where creative control is shared between local and foreign partners, and where there is a mix of local and foreign elements in creative positions.
- Co-production that encompasses a straightforward co-financing arrangement (finance only) in which one partner provides partial funding while another company undertakes the actual production.
To date, South Africa has entered into four audiovisual co-production treaties with Canada (1997), Italy (2003), Germany (2004) and the United Kingdom (2007). South Africa will continue to enter into future co-production treaties with various countries for the benefit of the industry.
The effect of these agreements is that a film or television program, which is approved as an official co-production, is regarded as a national production of each of the co-producing countries, and is therefore eligible to apply for any benefits or programs of assistance available in either country. The second advantage of international co-productions is that each of the co-producers brings access to his/her domestic market.